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    Fake Salafi Refutation

    Back-biting an innovator

     

    Al-A’amash reported that Ibraaheem (An-Nakha’ee) said: "There is no backbiting with regard to (talking about) the innovator." [1]

    Al-Hasan Al-Basree said: "There is no backbiting with regard to (talking about) the innovator or the sinner who openly professes his evil." [2]

    And he also said: "There is no backbiting when it concerns the people of innovations." [3]

    Al-Fudayl Ibn ‘Iyyaad said: "Whoever enters upon a person of innovation, then he has no sanctity (i.e. protection from being talked about)."[4]

    Sufyaan Ibn ‘Uyainah said: "Shu’abah used to say: 'Come let us backbite for the sake of Allaah, ‘azza wa jall.'" [5]

    Abu Zayd Al-Ansaaree An-Nahwee said: "Shu’abah came to us on a rainy day and said: 'This is not a day for (learning) hadeeth. Today is a day for backbiting. Come let us backbite the liars (in hadeeth).'" [6]

    On the authority of Makkee Ibn Ibraaheem who said: "Shu’abah used to go to ‘Imraan Ibn Hudayr saying (to him): ‘O ‘Imraan, come let us backbite for an hour for the sake of Allaah.’ And they would mention the faults and defects of hadeeth reporters." [7]

    Abu Zur’ah Ad-Dimashqee said: "I heard Abu Mushar being asked about a man that makes mistakes, misconstrues and distorts ahaadeeth, so he said: ‘Make his affair known.’ So I said to Abu Zur’ah: ‘Do you consider that to be backbiting?’ He said: ‘No.’" [8]

    Ibn Al-Mubaarak said: "Al-Mi’allaa Ibn Hilaal is fine except when it comes to hadeeth, he lies." So someone among the sufis (i.e. ascetics) said: "O Abu ‘Abdir-Rahmaan! Are you backbiting?" So he said: "Be quiet! If we do not clarify this, how will the truth be made known from the falsehood?" [9]

    ‘Abdullaah, the son of Imaam Ahmad said: "Abu Turaab An-Nakhshabee once went to my father, so my father began saying ‘this person is weak’ and ‘that person is reliable.’ So Abu Turaab said: ‘O Shaikh, do not backbite the scholars!’ So my father turned to him and said: ‘Woe be to you! This is advice, this is not backbiting." [10]

    Muhammad Ibn Bindaar As-Sabbaak Al-Jarjaanee said: "I once said to Ahmad Ibn Hanbal: ‘Verily, it is becoming hard upon me to say: (So and so is weak) and (so and so is a liar). So Ahmad said: ‘If you remain silent and I remain silent, then who will make the ignorant person aware of the authentic from the defective?’" [11]

    Shaudhab reported that Katheer Abu Sahl said: "It used to be said: ‘The people of desires do not have any sanctity (i.e. protection from being talked about)." [12]

    Al-Hasan Ibn ‘Alee Al-Iskaafee said: "I asked Abu ‘Abdillaah Ahmad Ibn Hanbal about the meaning of backbiting. He responded: "It is when you mention the defect of a person." I said: "What if the person says: ‘Do not hear (hadeeth) from so and so’ and ‘Such and such person makes mistakes (in his narration)?’" He said: "If the people were to abandon doing this, the authentic would not be known from its opposite." [13]

    Isma’eel Al-Khatabee said: ‘Abdullaah Ibn Ahmad reported to us, saying: "I said to my father: ‘What do you say about seekers of Hadeeth going to a teacher who perhaps is murji’ee or a shi’ee or he has some opposition to the Sunnah in him. Is it permitted for me to remain silent about him or should I warn against him?’ So my father said: ‘If he calls the people to innovation and he is an Imaam (or a head figure) in that and calls to that, then yes, warn against him.’" [14]


    Footnotes:

    [1] Al-Laalikaa’ee (1/140, no: 276)
    [2] Al-Laalikaa’ee (1/140, no: 279)

    [3] Al-Laalikaa’ee (1/140, no: 280)

    [4] Al-Laalikaa’ee (1/140, no: 282)

    [5] Al-Kifaayah fee ‘Ilm-ir-Riwaayah of al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee (91) and Sharh ‘Ilal At-Tirmidhee of Ibn Rajab (1/349)

    [6] Al-Kifaayah fee ‘Ilm-ir-Riwaayah of al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee (91)

    [7] Al-Kifaayah fee ‘Ilm-ir-Riwaayah of al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee (91)

    [8] Sharh ‘Ilal At-Tirmidhee of Ibn Rajab (1/349) and Al-Kifaayah of Al-Baghdaadee (91-92) but there occurs in Al-Khateeb’s report: "So I said to Abu Mushar" instead of "So I said to Abu Zur’ah."

    [9] Sharh ‘Ilal At-Tirmidhee of Ibn Rajab (1/349) and Al-Kifaayah of Al-Baghdaadee (91-92)

    [10] Al-Kifaayah fee ‘Ilm-ir-Riwaayah of al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee (92) and Sharh ‘Ilal At-Tirmidhee of Ibn Rajab (1/350)

    [11] Majmoo’-ul-Fataawaa of Ibn Taimiyyah (28/231)

    [12] Al-Laalilkaa’ee (1/140, no: 281)

    [13] Sharh ‘Ilal At-Tirmidhee (1/350-351)

    [14] Al-Kifaayah (93) and Sharh ‘Ilal At-Tirmidhee (1/350)

     
     
     
     
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