I know that
mocking the Sunnah or any part of Islam makes a person a kaafir. But
what if someone mocks the beliefs of people of bid'ah? For example, a
person jokes to his friend when it's time for salaat to make fun of the
Murji'ah : "Oh, we don't have to pray...it's in your heart, remember?"
but he prays, understanding that it was a joke to show the
riduculousness of the Murji'ah beliefs. I know that false talk is a sin,
even in joking, but is this (above example) kufr akbar because the joke
involves a major part of Islam, although it was aimed at bidah and not
Praise be to Allaah.
Mocking the kaafirs for their kufr or the
innovators for their innovations (bid’ah) is permissible because they
enjoy no sanctity or protection with regard to their sin and evildoing
in which they regard as permissible that which Allaah and Islam have
forbidden. But this is only so long as the mocking does not go beyond
the framework of dignity and truth, and it is not taken as a usual
habit, and the jokes do not outweigh one's seriousness. But what we are
warning against has become the habit of many people.
If one is to mock them, it should be for
their going against the Sunnah, not for their different ways of
dressing, walking, etc.
But is it a sin?
The correct view is that it is not a sin,
rather this is something that it is permissible to talk about and joke
about. The fact that the sin that we are mocking does not constitute
kufr that puts a person beyond the pale of Islam makes it even more
appropriate to joke about their sin, because by forsaking the truth and
following falsehood, they have mocked the sanctity of Allaah.
Al-Laalkaani narrated, with isnaads, some
reports from some of the salaf concerning such cases:
He narrated from al-A’mash that Ibraaheem said:
“There is no gheebah [backbiting] concerning one
who follows bid’ah.”
He narrated that al-Hasan al-Basri said:
“There are three who have no protection from
gheebah, one of whom is the one who follows bid’ah and is extreme in his
He narrated from Hishaam that al-Hasan said:
“There is no gheebah in the case of one who
follows bid’ah and one who commits evil.”
He narrated that al-Hasan said:
“There is no gheebah in the case of the people of
He narrated that Katheer Abu Sahl said:
“It is said that there is no sanctity for the
people who follow their whims and desires.”
(I’tiqaad Ahl al-Sunnah, 1/140).
example which is mentioned in the question, which is, “Oh, we don’t have
to pray, it’s in your heart, remember?” is not kufr because the one who
says it does not intend to mock the prayer, rather he intends to mock
these words that go against sharee’ah, and to show that they are false.
The point is that making fun of something
that the innovators say is not haraam and does not constitute kufr.
But we do not encourage denouncing the
innovators by mocking them; rather we should debate with them in the way
that is best. Your concern when debating with them should be to guide
them to the Straight Path. Allaah said to Moosa and Haroon when He sent
them to Pharaoh (interpretation of the meaning):
“And speak to him
mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear (Allaah)”
And Allaah knows best.