Advice to one who slanders his Muslim brothers and accuses them without
Our Shaykh, I
love you for the sake of Allaah and I hope that you can tell me how to
silence those who slander the scholars. There are people who accuse you
of being extreme in labeling others as kaafirs and of Qutbi (a group
that claims to base its ideas on the writings of Sayyid Qutb) – as they
call it. What is your answer? Please note that I am – as Allaah knows –
one of those who love you for the sake of Allaah.
Praise be to Allah.
May Allaah love you, for Whose sake you
love us, and may He bring us together in His mercy on the Day whereon
neither wealth nor sons will avail, except him who brings to Allaah a
clean heart (cf. al-Shu’ara’ 26:89).
With regard to what you have said in your
question, we advise you to keep away from everyone who speaks about your
Muslim brothers or slanders them, or accuses them and casts aspersion on
their intentions. The Prophet [an error occurred while processing this
directive] (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“O you who have spoken the words of faith but
faith has not entered your hearts! Do not backbite about the Muslims or
seek our their faults, for whoever seeks out their faults, Allaah will
seek out his faults even if he is his house.” Narrated by Abu
Dawood, no. 4880; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.
It is also necessary for you to advise
these people to fear Allaah and refrain using such labels and names that
divide the Muslims. With regard to offering advice and correcting
mistakes, this should not be done by means of exposing people’s faults
or casting aspersions on their intentions etc.
With regard to the issue of takfeer
(labeling people as kaafirs), this is subject to further discussion.
Describing as a kaafir one who has been described as such by Allaah or
by His Messenger [an error occurred while processing this directive]
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is obligatory. Allaah has
described some groups as being kaafirs in His Book, as when He says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“Surely, disbelievers are those who said:
‘Allaah is the third of the three (in a Trinity)’”
disbelief are they who say that Allaah is the Messiah, son of Maryam
(Mary)” [al-Maa'idah 5:17]
But it is haraam to label as a kaafir
someone whom Allaah and His Messenger [an error occurred while
processing this directive] (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
did not label as such.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have
mercy on him) said: Just as it is not permissible
to label a specific person as a kaafir unless the conditions of labeling
someone as such have been met in his case, so too we should not shy away
from labeling as kaafirs those whom Allaah and His Messenger [an error
occurred while processing this directive] (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) have labeled as such. But we must differentiate between
what is specific and what is general.
Sharh Kitaab al-Tawheed,
And Allaah knows best.
Moreover, everyone who levels an
accusation against another person must provide proof:
Muhammad), Produce your proof if you are truthful” [al-Baqarah
produce not witnesses, they are the liars in the sight of Allaah”
This problem is widespread among some of
those who claim to be religiously-guided, may Allaah guide them, for
they make accusations against people on grounds that are not regarded as
something worthy of criticism in sharee’ah or that do not undermine a
person’s religious commitment.
Then they do not bring any proof of that,
and they follow their own whims and desires, because it is human nature
to appoint oneself as judge, praising and condemning on a whim.
We must go against the whims and desires
of our own selves and measure people by the criteria set out in Islam;
we should make mention of their good points and advise them with regard
to their mistakes.
And Allaah is the Source of strength.
Question Reference Number:: 44594
Praise be to Allaah.
has enjoined justice and good treatment of others, and He has
forbidden wrongdoing, hatred and enmity. Allaah sent His Prophet
Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with the same
message as He sent all the Messengers, namely the call to Tawheed
and to worship of Allaah alone. He commanded him to establish
justice and forbade him to do the opposite, i.e., to worship
anything other than Allaah, to cause division and to transgress
against the rights of others.
these days it has become very common that people who claim to have
knowledge and to be calling people to good slander many of their
brothers among the well-known daa’iyahs, and they talk about the
seekers of knowledge, daa’iyahs and lecturers. They do that in
secret in their own gatherings, but it may be recorded on tapes that
are distributed among the people, and they may do it openly in
public lectures in the mosques. This behaviour goes against the
commands of Allaah and His Messenger in several ways.
1 – It
is a transgression against the rights of the Muslims, and against
the elite of the people, namely the seekers of knowledge and
daa’iyahs who are striving to make the people aware and to teach
them and correct their beliefs and practices, and to organize
lessons and lectures, and to write beneficial books.
2 – It
splits the Muslims and causes division in their ranks. They are the
most in need of unity and they need to keep away from division,
discord and too much gossip amongst themselves, especially when the
daa’iyahs who are being slandered are from among the Ahl al-Sunnah
wa’l-Jamaa’ah who are well known for their opposition to bid’ah
(innovation) and myth, and for standing up against those who promote
such things, and for exposing their plots and tricks. We see no
benefit to be gained by such actions, except for the enemies who lie
in wait for opportunities to harm the Muslims, such as the kaafirs,
hypocrites and followers of bid’ah and misguidance.
This action offers support and help for the self-serving among the
secularists, westernizers and other heretics who are well known for
stirring up trouble among the daa’iyahs and telling lies against
them, and inciting people against them in their writings and
recordings. It is contrary to Islamic brotherhood for those who are
too hasty to help their enemies against their brothers among the
seekers of knowledge, daa’iyahs and others.
This spreads corrupts ideas in the hearts and minds of the common
folk and elite; it spreads and propagates lies and false rumours,
and causes a great deal of backbiting and slander. It leaves the
door wide open to evil people who persist in spreading doubts and
stirring up fitnah, and who are keen to cause harm to the believers
by accusing them of things that they did not do.
Much of what is being said has no basis in reality; rather these are
illusions which the Shaytaan has made attractive to them, through
which he has tempted them. Allaah says (interpretation of the
“O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion;
indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one
another…” [al-Hujuraat 49:12]
believer should interpret what his Muslim brother says in the best
possible way. One of the salaf said: Never think of something that
is said by your brother as being bad when you still find room for a
Whatever ijtihaad is produced by some scholars or seekers of
knowledge, in areas where ijtihaad is permitted, the author of said
ijtihaad cannot be blamed or rebuked for it, so long as he is
qualified to engage in ijtihaad. If someone else has a different
opinion, it is better for him to debate with him in a proper manner,
striving to reach the truth via the shortest route and leaving no
room for the insinuating whispers of the Shaytaan or for him to
cause trouble among the believers. If that is not possible, and
someone thinks that he has no choice but to explain what is wrong
with his ijtihaad, then he should choose the best wording and the
most subtle way of explaining, and not resort to attacking,
slandering or going to extremes in criticizing him, which may cause
others to reject the truth or to turn away from it. He should also
avoid criticizing specific people, casting aspersions upon their
intentions or saying unnecessary or irrelevant things about them. In
such cases the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
would say, “What is the matter with some
people who say such and such…?”
advice I offer to these brothers who have fallen into the sin of
slandering the daa’iyahs is to repent to Allaah for the things that
they have written or said that may have corrupted the hearts of some
youth and filled them with hatred and grudges, and kept them from
seeking beneficial knowledge or from calling people to Allaah by
making them preoccupied with gossip and talking about this one and
that one, and seeking out faults for which they could criticize
people, and going to extremes in doing that.
advise them to offer expiation for the things that they have done by
writing and other means that they think they should not have done,
and to remove from people’s minds the wrong ideas they may have
given them. They should focus on fruitful actions which will bring
them closer to Allaah and will be beneficial to people, and they
should beware of being too hasty to accuse people of kufr, fisq and
bid’ah without any clear evidence or proof. The Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“Whoever says to his brother ‘O kaafir!’ one of them will be
deserving of that description.” (Saheeh, agreed upon).
prescribed for those who call others to the truth and for seekers of
knowledge, if they are uncertain about something said by a scholar
or anyone else, to refer to the prominent scholars and to ask them,
so that they can explain the facts of the matter to them and remove
the confusion and doubt from their minds, in accordance with the
words of Allaah in Soorat al-Nisaa’ (interpretatiuon of the
“When there comes to them some matter touching
(public) safety or fear, they make it known (among the people); if
only they had referred it to the Messenger or to those charged with
authority among them, the proper investigators would have understood
it from them (directly). Had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of
Allaah upon you, you would have followed Shaytaan (Satan), save a
few of you” [al-Nisaa’ 4:83]
Allaah is the One Whom we ask to reform all the Muslims and to unite
their hearts in taqwa and to bring the scholars of the Muslims and
those who call to the truth together in doing that which pleases Him
and will benefit His slaves. May He unite them in following guidance
and protect them against all the causes of division and dissent; may
He support the truth through them and humiliate falsehood through
them, for He is the One Who is able to do that. May Allaah bless our
Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions, and those who follow
his guidance until the Day of Resurrection.
Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah li Samaahat al-Shaykh ‘Abd
al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him),
vol. 7, p. 311.