From the linguistic view; Murji'ah comes from Irjaa'
which was mentioned in the Holy Qur'an as in the following verse:
"You have a hope from Allah that for which they hope not"
[4:105]. This verse was explained by Imam Ibn Katheer as
follows: "both you and the Kafireen will suffer, but you hope for
the forgiveness of Allah, His victory and His support, as on the
other hand the Kafireen do not hope for anything of that. Hence, yo
u ought to be more forthcoming and more persistent towards Jihad".
In another verse Allah (s.w.t.) says: "What
is the matter with you, you hope not for reward from Allah or you
believe not in His Oneness" [71:13]. Allah is
asking us why we do not fear Him and believe in Him as being God
Almighty and fear His punishment.
Also, in another verse Allah (s.w.t.) says: "They
said put him and his brother off (for a while) and send callers to
the cities" [7:111]. The theme needed in this
verse is putting off.
Therefore, from the linguistic point of view and as
mentioned in the abo ve verses, the meaning of al-Murji'ah (this
misguided faction) is putting off all deeds and actions and
isolating these deeds from Faith. By this they have given hope for
all ill-doers that their bad deeds are not in conflict with their
One of Al-Murji'ah's most prominent figure once said
that their faith is as good as that of Gabriel, the Prophet (s.a.w),
Abu Bakr and Omar. The conclusion as believed by Al-Murji'ah is that
the deeds and the faith are not related whatsoever and that deed s
have no effect on faith neither positively nor negatively.
The roots Of Al-Murji'ah
The movement of Al-Murji'ah started with the
appearance of the Khawarej and the Shiats. The Khawarej claimed that
all the Sahabah are Kafirs, while some Shiats claimed that Othman,
Mo' aweya, Aaisha and many others, are Kafirs; and at the same time
they g ave Ali a status much higher than any human. In between these
two positions a third group emerged claiming not to abide to either
side by putting off any judgment on either side. This group is
definitely in contradiction with the righteous position which
believe in and respect all companions of the prophet (s.a.w.).
The first to proclaim Irjaa' is Bathr Bin Abdullah
Alhamadani. This man was put down by the people of his time and they
never returned his salaam. Then the Bida'a of Irjaa' appeared
largely in all Koofa (Iraq) and it was represented by people like
Mohammad Bin Karram.
Origins Of al-Murji'ah
With the appearance of many factions of Al-Murji'ah,
big differences in their beliefs emerged as well. An example of
these factions is Aljabria who believe that humans have no will;
while on the other hand in the field of the Names and Qualities of
Allah (Al Asmaa wa As- Sifat) they negate all the qualities and some
of them believe in the termination of Heaven and Hell, and others
have dropped so low in their beliefs by judging Allah and negated
all the Names and disqualified all the Qualities of Allah pretending
to Honour Allah Almighty. But all of them meet and agree on the one
thing and that represented in their belief, that faith does not
increase or decrease and they all agree that deeds do not affect the
faith in anyway and that nothing hurts whether it is a large sin or
a small one. With these believes they have led the nation into the
Signs Of Irjaa In
The misguided people nowadays in particular and in
other times in general have made use of Al-Murji'ah's beliefs. In
the name of faith and religion they have blessed the deeds of the
Kafirs and the deeds of the dictators. On the other hand, when it
comes to the true and faithful people of the Sunnah, they are very
severe and very cruel to the point where they call such good people
as Kafirs; while at the same time, they affirm the faith of the
dictators. Such a ctions are merely a result of an ill-fated
misguidance, and this is Jahm Bin Safwan telling us that knowing
Allah and His prophet (s.a.w.), is enough to confirm one's faith and
to assert Heaven to that person after death.
A) On the faith: They put people under
Allah's curse by them disregarding the Qur'an and the Sunnah and the
path of the companions. This in turn will keep them away from
Allah's blessing and mercy.
B) On morals and behaviour: Al-Murji'ah have
misled the people by telling them that all deeds are not important
for them to enter Heaven and that the worst of the people will be
alongside the most believing in Heaven. This concept led to the loss
of morals and values; it also led t o ridiculing Allah's religion.
There fore, this loss of values have subsequently led the people to
slowly pull away from their religion, while at the same time making
them believe that they will enter Heaven along the best of the
C) On the religious guidelines : They claimed
Islam for someone that has been qualified as being Kafir by Allah
and His Prophet (s.a.w.). They also allowed him to marry a Muslim
woman, when in the true religion it is a corrupted marriage.
Henceforth, you will realise that when Al-Murji'ah's
scholars saw h ow corrupt their beliefs were, they created ways to
name and classify people as Kafirs. Such characteristic is not known
among the Sunni people. And in order for them not to appear lenient
with religiously uncommitted people they agreed with the Sunni peo
ple in calling someone as Kafir if he deserves this qualification
but in a tricky way. For example, they have agreed with Sunnah
people that whoever insults Allah, His prophet or the Qur'an is
Kafir; but they didn't call him Kafir because of his deed, which
took him out of Islam, but rather because this deed has shown that
he has no faith and belief in his heart and consequently he is Kafir.
The religion and the human mind are both in conflict with what these
Murji'ah are claiming. Furthermore, the mind cou ld very easily rule
that a person is a believer but with no faith and Allah (s.w.t.)
says in witness to this "And they know him as they know their
children" [2:46]. In another verse Allah says:
"It is not you that they deny, but it is the Verses of Allah that
the wrong doers deny" [6:33].
And to shed more light on what has been discussed we
quote what Sheikh Ul-Islam Ibn Taymeeya says about the Murji'ah
"Those who say what Jahm and Al Salhi say that insulting Allah or
His Prophet or talk of the trinity is not a blasphemy in the heart
but r ather an indication of blasphemy, and that the insulator is
knowledgeable of Allah and His Oneness and that he is a believer. To
these people, when you prove to these people by the Qur'an or Sunnah
or what has been agreed up on by the scholars that this insultor has
committed an act of blasphemy they react by saying that faith
requires none of that; these people are very much misguided" (Al-Fatawa).
Al-Murji'ah have invented proofs to fit their
beliefs, as is the norm with the people of innovation who usually
invent the Bid'ah and then look for proofs to support it. And this
misguided way contradicts the correct way of seeking the truth, as
those who are seeking the truth should be objective and sincere in
their research, rather than upholding the innovation then searching
for supporting proofs.
However, committing yourself to Ahlu-Sunnah and Jama'
a and their beliefs is the best and the only way to get Allah's
rewards and His Paradise. So, stick to the Book of Allah and the
Sunnah of His prophet and this will keep you away from any
wrong-doing an d from Allah's punishment and you will be able to
look at Allah in His Heaven in the Hereafter which is the eternal