Who is the Kafir?
Who is kafir and who is Muslim? People often confuse the difference
between kafir asli (originally kafir) and kafir murtad (apostate) who
was a Muslim but he negated his belief. Let us classify the types of
1. Kafir Asli - originally kafir
example of kuffar asli are the: Hindus, Sikhs, Christians, Jews or
atheists i.e. a disbeliever in Islam. So they could believe in God but
not in The Messenger Muhammad (saw).
There are three types of Kafir Asli:
(a) Mushriks - from the people of the book i.e. Jews & Christians
(b) Mushriks - who are not people of the book, e.g. Hindus, Sikhs,
Buddhists, Zoroastrians etc.
(c) Atheists - such as those who believe in science, self-worshippers,
women-worshippers, money-worshippers etc.
Therefore the Kafir is: 'The one who does not believe in Islam and the
Prophet Muhammad (saw).'
2. Kafir Murtad (apostate)
The kafir Murtad a person who was a Muslim once but committed one or
more of the actions below:
(a) Al-Juhoud - To deny any obligation known by necessity
a person denies any action that is known from Islam by necessity, such
as to deny fasting, Hajj, prayer, Shari'ah, Jihad he will become Jaahid
(the denier), who indulges in Juhoud.
(b) Al-Istihlaal - To permit what Allah (swt) forbids or forbids what
Istihlaal is to permit what Allah forbids or vice versa. An example of
this is the one who permits fornication or forbids. The one who commits
Istihlaal is called Al-Mustahil (legislator).
(c) Al-Naaqid - Negations of the Deen
There are ten negations of the Deen (Nawaaqid ul Islam) and if a person
violates any one of them he will become murtad.
Nawaaqid ul Islam - the negations of
1. Shirk - Associating someone or something to Allah
Shirk is to associate anyone or anything to Allah (swt) such as to say
Jesus is the son of God, Tony Blair is the legislator, Ruling by Kufr
law (non-Islamic law) etc.
Whether one denies it or not or whether he legalises it or not; anyone
who commits Shirk Akbar he will go out of the Millah (Islam) after it is
explained to him by an 'Alim. Allah (swt) says:
Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners (in worship) with
him, but he forgives whom he wills sins other than that, and whoever
sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away.'
[EMQ 4: 116 & 48]
2. To take an Intercessor between you and Allah
For example, to go to the grave of a dead person and make him an
intercessor for whom, the action is kufr and will take him outside of
Another example is to seek such help from any so-called priest. In the
time when the 'Ulama were alive you can ask them for du'a, but when they
die, even from the Nabi (saw), it is not allowed, the Messenger Muhammad
(saw) said: 'Oh Allah! Do not make my grave a place of worship.' Rather
when we go to the grave we say: 'Peace to the people of the grave, you
are the ones who left first and we are following.' You can ask the one
alive for du'a which is mubaah, but if you believe he has power, then
this too is Shirk!
3. Whoever does not declare the kafir (non-Muslims) as kafir or
doubts that they are kafir or says their religion is correct
There are some moderate 'Muslims' who believe we should not call the
Non-Muslims kafir (even though Allah does!) but rather 'Potential
Muslims.' Whosoever doubts or believes the Kuffar are not kafir, they
At-Takfeer (declaring a person to be a Kafir) is part Usul ud-Deen (one
of the Foundations of the Deen) and we are obliged to defend this right
of Allah (swt). Only Allah (swt) has the right to legislate and no one
can claim to do so.
4. The one who thinks any Shari'ah (law and order) is similar or
better than the Shari'ah of Islam is a kafir
example of this is the one who believes British law is as good as, equal
to as or even better than the law of Islam!
Lord Nazir Ahmed is a good example of this. He left the fold of Islam
(an apostate) by declaring that Muslims must obey the British law and
5. Whoever hates any of the Shari'ah rules (Hukm Shar'ee) is a kafir
For example, those who hate to pray, to fast, to wear hijaab, to call
people to Islam, to work collectively in a group to establish the
Islamic state etc.
Allah (swt) says: '...that is because they dislike what Allah has
revealed.' [EMQ 47: 9]
6. Whoever ridicules any of the Deen of Islam, its rewards or its
Allah (swt) says: The hypocrites fear lest a Sûrah (chapter of the
Qur'ân) should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their
hearts. Say: "(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allâh will bring to
light all that you fear." (9: 64)
If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking
idly and joking." Say: "Was it at Allâh (swt), and His Ayât (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger
(SAW) that you were mocking?" (9: 65)
Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We
pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were
Mujrimeen (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.)
7. As-Sihr - anyone involving themselves in magic
For example, to communicate with the Jinn, to go to the magician or ask
for help from the magician.
8. Alliance with the kuffar and supporting them against the Muslims
Allah (swt) says: 'O you who believe! Take not the Jews and the
Christians as Awliya' (friends, protectors, helpers) they are but awliya'
of each other. And if any amongst you takes them (as awliya') then
surely, he is one of them. Verily, Allah guides not those people who are
the Zaalimoun (i.e. Kuffar).' [EMQ 5:51]
9. Whoever believes they are not obliged to follow the messenger
Muhammad (saw) or believes that they can leave Islam and go to another
Deen is a kafir
10. Whoever turns their back to the Deen of Islam
This can be done by not studying the Deen nor acting upon it. If someone
says 'so and so is haram' we must go and check it. Imam Abu Hanifah (ra)
was walking on the bank and he saw a child walking on the bank and he
was almost falling in, Abu Hanifah said: 'be careful you may fall in'
and in response the child said: 'you too, and if you make a mistake many
others will also fall in!' Imam Abu Hanifah went home and reviewed all
his Ahkaams and said: 'Do not think that what I say today may not be
changed tomorrow if I find a hadith' etc…
Allah (swt) says: 'Who is more oppressor than the one who knows
the Hukm and turns his back? Verily he is Mujrim (i.e. a kaafir).'