Sayings of the 'Ulamaa
Regarding Ruling By Other Than What Allah Has Revealed
Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
"And it is known by necessity in the Deen of the Muslims and by the
agreement of all the Muslims that whoever follows a Shari'ah other than
the Shari'ah of Muhammad then he is a disbelieves in some of the Book."
Kaafir and it is like the Kufr of the one who believes in some of the
Book and and disbelieves in some of the Book."
–"Al-Fataawa", Vol. 28/ 524
Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer said:
"So whoever leaves the clear Shari'ah, which was revealed to Muhammad
Ibn Abdullah, the Seal of the Prophets, and takes the Hukm to other than
it from the laws of Kufr which are abrogated, he has disbelieved. So
what about the one who takes the Hukm to the 'Yasiq' (the law of
the Tartars which mixed Shari'ah rulings with invented rulings) and puts
it before it?! Whoever does that, he has disbelieved by the Ijmaa' of
– "Al-Bidaayah wa Nihaayah", Vol. 13/ 119
Shaikh 'Abdul-'Azeez Ibn 'Abdullaah Ibn
"There is no Eemaan for the one who
believes the laws of the people and their opinions are superior to the
Hukm of Allah and His Messenger or that they are equal to it or that
they resemble it or who leaves it or replaces it with fabricated laws
and institutions invented by people, even if he believes that the laws
of Allah are more encompassing and more just."
– "Risaalat Wujoob Tah'keem Sharee'at Allah' Pg. 39, which follows the "Risaalat
Tah'keem Al-Qawaneen" Published by "Daar Al-Muslim"
Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-'Uthaymeen
"The first type is when the Hukm of Allah is removed and replaced with
another Taghuutee Hukm, so that the Hukm of the Shari'ah is
eliminated between the people and he puts in its place another Hukm from
the fabrication of the humans and they remove the laws of the Shari'ah
concerning the Mu'amalah (i. e. the general actions between
people) and they put in its place fabricated laws and this, without
doubt, is Istib'daal (i. e. replacement) of the Shari'ah of Allah
subhaanahuu wa-ta'ala, with other than it. And this is Kufr which
removes one from the Milla because this person put himself at the level
of the Creator because he shara'a (legislated) for the slaves of
Allah that which Allah ta'ala did not give permission for and
that is Shirk in His, ta'ala's saying:
"Or have they
partners with Allâh (false gods), who have instituted for them a
religion, which Allâh has not allowed?" (Ash-Shu'ara, 21)
– "Fiqh Al-'Ebaadaat", #60
Shaikh Muhammad Naasiruddin Al-Albaanee:
Who said, in one of his earlier cassette recorded lessons, wherein he is
describing an argument he had with someone about the Takfeer of
Mustafa Ataturk, the secularist who converted the constitution of Turkey
from the Hanafee code Shari'ah, to the man-made laws. So Shaykh Al-Albaanee
"I made clear to him (i.e. his opponent) that the Muslims did not make
Takfeer to Ataturk who was Muslim. No. (They did so) when he
freed himself from Islaam when he implicated upon the Muslims an
institution other than the institution of Islaam. And from that was the
example of his equalizing between the inheritance of the male and the
female. But Allah says according to us, 'And for the male is the share
of two females. ' And then he obligated upon the Turkish masses, the
Qobah (i. e. a Turkish-style hat)."
– "Fataawa Ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee wa-Maqara'netihah bi'Fatawaa Al-'Ulaama",
Pg. 263 from his cassette #171.
Shaikh Mahmood Shaakir said:
So their question wasn't the 'Ebadeeyah's question to Abee Majliz about
the Tafseer of this Aayah – about that which the Mub'tadah of our time
agree with concerning the judgement in money andblood with a law that
opposes the Shari'ah of the people of Islaam and not concerning
implicating a law upon the people of Islaam and forcing them to take the
judgement to other than the rule of Allah in His Book and upon the
tongue of His Prophet. So this action is turning away from the Hukm of
Allah and from His Deen and putting the laws of the Kuffar above the law
of Allah, subhaanahuu wa-ta'ala and this is Kufr. No one from the people
of the Qiblah with their difference, doubts the Kufr of the one who says
or calls to this."
– From his commentary of At-Tabaree ("Tafseer At-Tabaree" Vol. 10/ 348)
Alaamah Muhammad Al-Ameen Ash-Shanqeetee said:
"And with these Heavenly texts that we have mentioned, it becomes quite
clear that the ones who follow the fabricated laws, which the Shaytaan
has legislated upon the tongues of his 'Auliya and which oppose that
which Allah, jala-wa'ala has legislated upon the tongues of His
Messengers, peace be upon them, that no one doubts their Kufr and their
Shirk except him who Allah has removed his sight and has blinded them to
the light of the revelation as they are!"
– "Adhwaa Al-Bayaan", Vol. 4/ 82-85
Shaikh Saalih al-Fowzaan said:
"So whoever takes the Hukm to other than the legislation of Allah from
all of the institutions and the man-made laws, then has taken the
implicators of these laws and the ones who rule with them as partners
with Allah in his legislation. He, ta'ala said:
'Or do they have partners who
have legislated for them what Allah has not allowed?
And He said:
'And if you obeyed them, then
you are Mushrikeen. '
"Al-Irshaad ila'Saheeh Al-' Atiqaad ", Vol. 1/ 72.
And then again, after narrating what Al-Haafidh Ibn
Katheer wrote concerning the Tartar's and "Al-Yasiq", he said, "And the
likes of the law that he mentioned from the Tartars, and judged upon
with Kufr, those who put in the place of the Islaamic Shari'ah, are the
fabricated laws, which have – in our time – been established as sources
of laws in many countries and the Islaamic Shari'ah has been disregarded
in favor of them except in what they call 'personal matters'."
– "Al-Irshaad ila'Saheeh Al-' Atiqaad ", Vol. 1/ 74
Shaikh 'Umar al-Ashqar said:
And from this explanation it becomes clear to us that there are two
types of people who have fallen into Kufr about which there is no doubt.
The first, the ones who legislate that which Allah did not reveal, and
those are the ones who fabricate the laws that oppose the legislation of
Allah they implicate it upon the people and the Ijmaa' is upon their
Kufr without doubt."
– "Al-Shari'ah Al-Eelaheeyah", Pg. 179
'Alaamah Muhammad Ibn Ibraaheem Aal-Ash-Shaykh
"… The fifth, and it is the greatest and the most encompassing and the
clearest opposition of the Shari'ah and stubbornness in the face of its
laws and insulting to Allah and His Messenger and opposing the courts of
the Shari'ah on their roots and branches and their types and their
appearances and judgements and implementations the references and their
applications. So just like the courts of the Shari'ah there are
references, all of them returning back to the Book of Allah and the
Sunnah of His Messenger like that, these courts have references, which
are laws that are assembled from many legislations and laws like the
laws of France and America and England and other laws and from the
Metha'hib of some of the innovators who claim to be under the
And these courts are now fully operational in the settlements of Islaam,
people entering them one after another, their rulers judge upon them
with what opposes the Sunnah and the Book with the rules of that law and
they impose that on them and approve it for them. So what Kufr is there
beyond this Kufr and what nullification of the Shahaadah of
Muhammadar Rasool-Allah is there beyond this nullification?!
– "Tah'keem Al-Qawaneen"
Shaikh 'Abdur-Razzaaq al-'Afeefee said:
"Thirdly: The one who is attributed to Islaam and knows its laws and
then fabricates for the people, laws and makes them an institution for
them to conduct themselves by and to take their judgements to and he
knows that it opposes the laws of Islaam. Then he is a Kaafir out
of the Milla of Islaam. And like that is the Hukm concerning the one who
orders a committee or committees to be formed for that and the one
orders the people to take their judgements to these institutions or laws
or makes them take the judgements to them, while he knows that they
oppose the Shari'ah of Islaam. And like that is the one who judges with
it and implicates it upon the matters and the one who obeys them in
these judgements out of his own choice, while he knows that it opposes
Islaam. So all of these are partners in their turning away from the Hukm
– "Shubu'haat Howl As-Sunnah Wa-Risaalat Al-Hukm bi'Ghayr ma'Anzal-Allah",
Imaam Ahmad Shaakir said:
"The matter in these fabricated laws is clear with the clearness of the
sun. It is clear Kufr and there is nothing hidden about it and there is
no excuse for anyone who attributes themselves to Islaam, whoever they
may be, to act according to it or to submit to it or to approve of it.
So each person should beware and every person is responsible for
himself. So the 'Ulamaa should make the truth clear and tell what they
have been ordered to tell without concealing anything."
– "Umdaat At-Tafseer Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Katheer of Ahmad Shaakir",
Vol. 4/ 173-174
Imaam Ibn Jareer At-Tabaree said:
"He ta'ala says, whoever conceals the Hukm of Allah, which He revealed
in His Book and made it a law between the slaves – so he hides it and
rules with other than it like the Hukm of the Jews concerning the
married fornicators with whipping of the guilty and blackening their
faces and concealing the Hukm of stoning and like their judging upon
some of their murdered with full blood-money and some with half of their
blood-money. And concerning the noble people, they would have Qisaas
but the commoner would only get the blood money. But Allah made all of
them equal in the Tauraat: …such are the Kâfirûn. They are the
ones who concealed the truth, which was upon them to uncover and make
clear. And they hid it from the people and they showed something
different to the people and they judged according to that (changed Hukm)
because of a bribe they took from them." (* So the point of At-Tabaree
here is that he considers this Ayaah general for anyone who does what
the Jews did and hold this Ayaah meaning of Kufr Akbar upon anyone who
does what they did.)
– "Tafseer Al-Tabaree" Vol. 4/ 592
Shaikh Muhammad al-Ghunaymaan was asked:
"The one who leaves the Hukm by what Allah revealed; if he makes the
general judgements with the fabricated laws, does he disbelieve? And is
there a difference between that and the one who judges with the Shari'ah
but then he opposes the Shari'ah in some of the matters due to desire or
bribery or other than that?"
So he answered, "Yes, it is Waajib to differentiate between them.
There is a difference between the one who throws away the Hukm of Allah,
jala-wa'ala and replaces it with the judgements with the laws and
the judgement of mankind. This is Kufr, which takes one outside the
Milla of Islaam. But the one who is Multazim (i. e. religiously
committed) upon the Deen of Islaam except that he is disobedient and a
Thaalim by following his desires in some of the Ah'kaam
and goes after a benefit from the Dunya, while accepting that he is
Thaalim with this, then this is not Kufr, which takes you out of the
Milla. And whoever sees the Hukm with the laws to be equal to the Hukm
of the Shara' and makes it Halaal, then he also disbelieves with the
Kufr that takes one outside the Milla, even if it is in one instance."
– "Mujaalit Al-Mishkaat", Vol. 4/ 247
Shaikh Ibn Qaasim said:
Like the ones who rule with the laws of Jahiliyyah and the
international laws, rather, even one who rules by other than what Allah
revealed, whether he rules with the laws or with something which has
been invented that is not from the Shara' or affirmed in the Hukm, then
he is a Taghuut from the greatest Tawagheet."
– From his commentary on "Usool ath-Thalaathah", Pg. 96
Shaikh Hamd Ibn 'Ateeq an-Najdee said:
"And the Fourteenth Matter is Taking the Hukm to Other than the Book
of Allah and His Messenger. " And then he mentions the Fatwaa of Ibn
Katheer under the Aayah:
"Is it the Hukm of Jahileeyah
which they seek?",
which we have narrated earlier. Then he said, "And like this is what the
general people of the Bedouins and those like them fell into with
regards to taking the Hukm to the customs of their forefathers and that
which their ancestors established from the accused customs, which they
label 'The Shari'ah of Reefawah' they put it before the Book of
Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger. So whoever does that; then he is
a Kaafir and it is Waajib to fight him until he returns to
the Hukm of Allah and His Messenger."
– "Majmoo'at At-Tawheed ", Pg. 412
Shaikh Muhammad Hamid al-Faqeeh said:
And like or (even) worse than this are the ones who take the words of
the Kuffaar as laws, which they judge with in matters concerning
blood and wealth and they put that before that which they know and that
is has been made clear to them from the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of
His Messenger. So he, without a doubt, is a Mortad if he
continues upon that and does not return to the Hukm of what Allah
revealed and he will not be benefited by any name which he labels
himself with and neither by any outward action that he does from
Salaat or Siyaam or anything else!"
– From the Hamish (i. e. margins) of "Fat'h Al-Majeed", Pg. 406
'Abdul-Lateef Ibn 'Abdur-Rahmaan (Muhammad Ibn
When asked concerning what the Bedouins judge with according to the
customs of their fathers and grandfathers. "Do we label them with Kufr
after it is made clear to them (that this is not permissible and when
So he answered, "Whoever takes the judgement to other than the Book of
Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger after it is made clear to him
(that this is not permissible), then he is a Kaafir. He,
'And whosoever does not judge
by what Allâh has revealed, such are the Kâfirûn. '
(And He ta'ala also said)
'Is it other than the Deen of
Allah that they seek? '
(And He ta'ala also said)
'Have you seen those (hyprocrites)
who claim that they believe in that which has been sent down to you, and
that which was sent down before you, and they wish to go for judgement
(in their disputes) to the Tâghût (false judges, etc.) while they have
been ordered to reject them. '
'And the Aayaat with this meaning are many."
– "Dur'ur As-Saneeyah fi'Al-Ajwibah An-Najdeeyah", Vol. 8/ 231 Published
by "Dar Al-Iftaa' bil'Saudeeyah" 1385 H
'Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Hasan (Muhammad Ibn 'Abdul-Wahhab's
"So it is made clear with this, that the Ayaah
(9:31) proves that whoever obeys other than Allah and His Messenger and
turns away from taking from the Book and the Sunnah, concerning making
Halaal what Allah made Haraam or making Haraam what Allah made Halaal or
obeys him in the disobedience of Allah and follows him in what Allah did
not give permission for, then he has taken him as a lord and something
worshipped and made him a partner with Allah and that contradicts the
Tawheed which is the Deen of Allah that the words of Ikhlaas:
La Illaaha il-Allah, have indicated. (This is) because the
Ilaah is the thing which is worshipped, and Allah, ta'ala
labeled their obedience as worship towards them and called them lords.
Like He, ta'ala said:
'And He does not order you to
take the angels and the Prophets as lords… '
In other words, '… as partners with Allah in His
worship… ' –
'Does He order you to do Kufr
after you were Muslims? '
And this is the Shirk because anything which is
worshipped is a Lord and all things, which are obeyed or followed
concerning other than what Allah or His Messenger have legislated, then
he has been taken by the obedient one or the follower as a Lord and a
thing to be worshipped.
Shaikh Muhammad Shaakir Ash-Shareef said:
In his "Chapter concerning making clear when the one who rules by other
than what Allah revealed is a Kaafir; with the Kufr that does not take
one outside the Milla."
Then he said, "He does not disbelieve with three conditions:
 That he is Multazim (i. e. religiously committed) and accepts
upon the outside and the inside every Hukm or Tashree'
(legislation) which has come from Allah subhaanahuu wa-ta'ala or
His Messenger –sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam.
 That he accepts and confesses that he has left the Hukm with what
Allah subhaanahuu wa-ta'ala has revealed in that matter or that
specific instance that he judges in that he is sinful and that his Hukm
is a mistake and that the Hukm of Allah is the correct.
 That the opposing Hukm is a Hukm in specific instances and not in
full general matters and this third condition is the one, which many of
the contemporary people have not understood and paid attention to.
– "In'Allah Huu'al-Haakim", Pg. 88-91 published by
"Daar Al-Waton", 1413 H.
Shaikh Saalih Ibraaheem al-Layhee:
Who said, concerning the meaning of the "Daleel", "So the ruling with
the fabricated laws, which oppose the Islaamic Shari'ah is atheistic and
Kufr and Fasad and Thulm among the slaves because
the security is not ensured and the Shara'ee rights are not preserved
except by acting upon the Islaamic Shari'ah in its entirety in the 'Aqidah
and worship and ruling and etiquettes and the conduct and institutions,
because the 'Ruling by Other Than What Allah Revealed' is ruling with a
created action upon a creation like it. And it is ruling with the laws
of the Taghoot and there is no difference between the individual
conditions and the general and specific; and whoever differentiates
between them in the Hukm, then he is an atheist/ Zandeeq (i. e.
Hypocrite in denial)/ Kaafir in Allah Al-' Atheem!"
– "As-Salsabeel ", Vol. 2/ 384, which is his commentary upon "Zaad Al-Mutaqnah